Possibilities of Developing Energy Tourism in the Island of Crete, Greece


  •   John Vourdoubas


The aim of the current work is to investigate the possibility of developing energy tourism on the island of Crete, Greece. The concept of energy tourism is related to the interest of some visitors to explore various renewable energy installations during their vacations acquiring new knowledge, and experiences and probably having new perceptions about these benign energy technologies. The flourishing tourism industry and the existing renewable energy installations in Crete are mentioned. The preconditions of its development in Crete as well as the benefits of various stakeholders on the island are stated. Our results indicate that the required preconditions for the development of energy tourism in Crete are fulfilled offering new prospects for the promotion of thematic tourism on the island. Various daily guided tours to renewable energy installations could be organized and offered to visitors according to their interests and preferences. It can be said that Crete is a privileged island regarding the development of energy tourism having a flourishing tourism industry and abundant renewable energy resources currently used for heat and power generation. The findings of the current study are important for the future development of energy tourism in Crete which could create many benefits for all stakeholders on the island.

Keywords: Crete-Greece, energy route, energy tourism, knowledge, renewable energies, sustainability, thematic tourism, tourist experience


The IPCC Special report on renewable energy sources and climate change mitigation. IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. [Internet]. 2011 Available from: file:///C:/Users/%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%BD%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%B2%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%81%CE%B4%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BC%CF%80%CE%B1%CF%82/Desktop/[29-5]%20-%20ENERGY%20TOURISM/11-2011.pdf

Capros P, Mantzos L, Parousos L, Tasios N, Klaassen G, Van Ierland T. Analysis of the EU policy package on climate change and renewables. Energy Policy. 2011; 39: 1476-1485.

Renewable energy opportunities for island tourism. IRENA. [Internet]. 2014 Available from: file:///C:/Users/%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%BD%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%B2%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%81%CE%B4%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BC%CF%80%CE%B1%CF%82/Desktop/[29-5]%20-%20ENERGY%20TOURISM/23-2014.pdf

Owusu Asantewaa P, Asumadu-Sarkodie S. A review of renewable energy sources, sustainability issues and climate change mitigation. Cogent Engineering. 2016; 3(1): 1167990.

Sims REH. Renewable Energy: a response to climate change. Solar Energy. 2004; 76: 9-17.

Gigantidou A. Renewable energy sources in Crete, IREP Symposium-Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control –IX (IREP), August 25-30, 2013, Rethymnon, Greece.

Vourdoubas J. Use of renewable energy sources for energy generation in rural areas in the island of Crete, Greece. European Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences. 2020; 1(6): 1-7.

Vourdoubas J. The nexus between tourism and renewable energy resources in the island of Crete, Greece. American Scientific Research Journal of Engineering, Technology and Sciences. 2020; 63(1): 28-40.

Nikolaou T, Stavrakakis GS, Tsamoudalis K. Modelling and optimal dimensioning of a pumped hydro energy storage system for the exploitation of the rejected wind energy in the non-interconnected electrical power system of the Crete, island Greece. Energies. 2020; 13: 2705.

Katsaprakakis D, Antonakakis I, Dakanali I, Christakis D. Turning Crete into an energy independent island, in the 4th International Hybrid Power Systems workshop, Crete, Greece, 22-23 May 2019.

Hellenic Electricity Distributor Network Operator. The Electric System in Crete. 2018. Greek.

Kyriaki E, Drosou V, Papadopoulos AM. Solar thermal systems for low energy hotel buildings: State of the art, perspectives and challenges. Energy Procedia. 2015; 78: 1968-1973.

Vourdoubas J. Present and future uses of biomass for energy generation in the island of Crete, Greece. Journal of Energy and Power Sources. 2015; 2(4): 158-163.

Andriotis K. Tourism in Crete. A form of Modernization. Current Issues in Tourism. 2003; 6(1): 23-53.

Mavridoglou G, Giantsi Th, Tselentis B, Anagnostelos K, Prokopiou D. Tourism infrastructure, health and environment for the island of Crete, Sustainable Development and planning XI, WIT Transactions of Ecology and the Environment. 2020; 241: 3-14.

Saatsakis I, Bakir A. Wickens E. A local perspective on eco-tourism in Crete. Journal of Tourism Sustainability. 2018; 2(1): 34-41.

Mantzarakis, A. Nastos, P. Analysis of Tourism potential for Crete island, Greece. Global Nest Journal. 2011;13(2): 141-149.

Lolos S, Palaios P, Papapetrou E. The Greek tourism-led growth revisited: insights and prospects, Working Paper 289, Bank of Greece. 2014.

Agha-Seyed-Hashem-Kadkhoda A, Jelev AI. Expanding the tourist season in the Heraklion region of Crete, M.Sc. Thesis, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark. [Internet]. 2017 Available from: file:///C:/Users/%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%BD%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%B2%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%81%CE%B4%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BC%CF%80%CE%B1%CF%82/Desktop/[29-5]%20-%20ENERGY%20TOURISM/35-2017.pdf.

Michalena E. Using renewable energy as a tool to achieve tourism sustainability in Mediterranean islands. Eudes Caribeennes. 2008.

Lun L-M, Volgger M, Pechlaner H. Tourism in the green economy. Understanding the concept of the green economy and the role of tourism, 2015: 161-175.

Topler Potonik, J. Preserving and presenting heritage through sustainable energy tourism: The case of Kobarid in Slovenia. Sustainability. 2022; 14: 659.

Beer M, Rybar R, Kalavsky M. Renewable energy sources as an attractive element of industrial tourism. Current Issues in Tourism. 2017; 21(18): 2139-2151.

Frantal B, Urbankova R. Energy tourism: An emerging field of study. Current Issues in Tourism. 2017; 20(13): 1395-1412.

Li WL, Birmele J, Schaich H, Konold W. Transitioning to community-owned renewable energy: Lessons from Germany. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 2013; 17: 719-728.

Strategic options for delivering ownership and benefit sharing models for wind farms in NSW, 2014, Ernst & Young, Australia. [Internet]. 2014 Available from: file:///C:/Users/%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%BD%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%B2%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%81%CE%B4%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BC%CF%80%CE%B1%CF%82/Desktop/[29-5]%20-%20ENERGY%20TOURISM/61-2014.pdf.

Warren ChR, McFadyen M. Does community ownership affect public attitudes to wind energy? A case study from south-west Wales. Land Use Policy. 2010; 27(2): 204-213.

Silva L, Delicato A. Wind farms and rural tourism: A Portuguese case study of residents’ and visitors’ perceptions and attitudes. Moravian Geographical Reports. 2017; 25(4): 248-256.

Denes David L, Molnar C, Kosmaczewska J, Fodor G, Zsarnoczky M, Varga I, Palencikova Z. Eco-energy tourism, study into some aspects of relationship between use of renewable energy resources and sustainable regional and rural development, Engineering for Rural Development. 2019: 1478-1483.

Alekseeva N, Hercegova K. Energy and industrial tourism: a specific niche on the tourism market. E3S Web of Conferences. 2021; 250: 01002.

Pavlakovic B, Rancic Demir M, Pozvek N, Turnsek M. Role of tourism in promoting geothermal energy: public interest and motivation for geothermal energy tourism in Slovenia. Sustainability. 2021;13: 10353.

Chodkowska-Miszczuk J, Ryszkowska B. Educational tourist route based on renewable energy sources as a manifestation of sustainable tourism. Geography and Tourism. 2020; 8(2): 41-50.

Hartholt T.J. Wind energy and tourism. Is coastal tourism ready for the next generation, University of Groningen, M.Sc. Thesis. [Internet]. 2013 Available from: file:///C:/Users/%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%BD%CE%B7%CF%82%20%CE%B2%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%81%CE%B4%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BC%CF%80%CE%B1%CF%82/Desktop/[29-5]%20-%20ENERGY%20TOURISM/2-2013.pdf.

Jiricka A, Wirth V, Salak B, Probstl-Haider U. Creating a powerful niche product - ways to successful branding of energy tourism. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Sustainable Tourism VI, 2010;139: 55-68.

Safian F. The synergies of community ownership, renewable energy production and locality – The cases of Gussing and Samso. Geographical Locality Studies. 2014; 2(1): 386-410.

Dowling R.K. Global Geo-tourism – An emerging form of sustainable tourism. Czech Journal of Tourism. 2013; 2(2): 59-79.


How to Cite
Vourdoubas, J. (2022). Possibilities of Developing Energy Tourism in the Island of Crete, Greece. European Journal of Energy Research, 2(4), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejenergy.2022.2.4.79