Feasibility Study and Techno-Economic Analysis of Solar PV-Biomass Hybrid Power System: A Case Study of Kajola Village, Nigeria


  •   Ayodele Osalade

  •   Adewale Abe

  •   Bankole Adebanji

  •   Taiwo Fasina

  •   Samson A. Adeleye

  •   Toyin Omotoso


Efficient and sustainable electric power supply is needed for effective healthcare delivery, provision of quality education system, and building of impactful social/human infrastructures. Unrestricted access to reliable and affordable electricity will improve people's welfare and enhance quality healthcare delivery globally. The need to reduce the harmful impact of Greenhouse gas emissions along with its fossil fuel emissions have necessitated the need for the numerous research interests in low-carbon power generation systems. The feasibility and techno-economic analysis of an off-grid Solar Photovoltaic (PV)/Biomass (BG)/Diesel (DG)/Battery (BB) hybrid system for a rural village-Kajola, Nigeria was conducted in this paper. Renewable energy sources (RES) parameters such as irradiation data, biomass resources, and DG parameters were collected from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)’ database, Ekiti State Ministry of Agriculture and manufacturers’ price lists respectively. The load demand assessment of the area was conducted and analyzed through the use of questionnaires. All the relevant data collected were used as input into the HOMER software. The optimal configuration is the PV-BG-BB combination. The Levelized Cost of Energy (COE) is $0.178/ kWh, with renewable energy fraction (RF) of 100%. This means that nearly all of the energy used by the hybrid system to meet the load is generated from renewable sources. The proposed solar PV/Biomass generator/Battery bank hybrid energy system can supply electricity to the village under consideration at an hourly average of approximately 52.7 kW and with an average daily energy need of 483.71 kWh. The study will serve as a template for all electric power system stakeholders and potential investors on the feasibility and optimal design of hybrid renewable energy system for rural electrification.

Keywords: Biomass, off-grid, renewable energy, solar PV, sustainable energy


Fagbohun OO, Adebanji B. Integrated Renewable Energy Sources for Decentralized Systems in Developing Countries, IOSR International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (IOSR-JEE). 2014; 9(5): 26-35.

Asu Femi MW. Power Generation Capacity Lies Idle. [Internet] Available from: https://punchng.com/9293 mw-power-generation-capacity-lies-idle/amp/

NESO. Nigeria Electricity System Operator - Operational report. [Internet] 2022. [cited 2022 March 4] Available from: https://www.nsong.org/aboutus/Structure

Adebanji B, Adepoju GA, Ojo JO, Olulope PK. Optimal Sizing of an Independent Hybrid Small Hydro-Photovoltaic–Battery-Diesel Generator Hybrid Power System for a Distant Village. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research. 2017; 6(8): 208-213.

Adebanji B, Adepoju GA, Olulope PK, Fasina ET, Adetan O. Feasibility and Optimal Design of a Hybrid Power System for Rural Electrification for a Small village in Nigeria. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. 2020; 10: 6214-6224.

Fasina T, Adebanji B, Abe A, Ismail I. Impact of distributed generation on Nigerian power network, Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, IJEECS. 2021; 9(4): 3041-3050.

Fagbohun OO, Adebanji B. Prepaid Energy Metering System-a panacea to Nigeria Electricity Problems. African Journal of Engineering Research and Development. 2012; 5(1): 59-64.

International Energy Agency (IEA). Africa Energy Outlook report recommended decentralized solutions. 2019.

Rehman S. Hybrid power systems – Sizes, efficiencies, and economics. Energy Exploration & Exploitation. 2020: 1–41.

Adebanji B, Oluwaseun A, Fasina T, Adetan O, Abe A. Comparative study of off-grid and grid-connected hybrid power system: issues, future prospects and policy framework, Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, IJEECS. 2021; 22(2): 144-151.

Olubayo MB, Oluwaseye SA, Damilola EB, Iheanacho HD. Off Grid Hybrid Renewable System for Rural Healthcare centre: A case Study in Nigeria. Energy Science & Engineering. 2019; 7: 676–693.

Adebanji B. Development of a hybrid power system model for rural electrification. Unpublished Ph.D thesis submitted to the Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.

Adepoju GA, Adebanji B. Feasibility and Optimal Design of Small Hydropower-Solar-Photovoltaic-Diesel-Generator Hybrid Power System for Itapaji–Ekiti state, Nigeria. Science Domain International, Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 2016; 11(2): 1-10.

Atoki O, Adebanji B, Adegbemile A, Fasina ET. Sustainable Energy Growth in Nigeria: The Role of Grid-connected Hybrid Power System. IJSTR. 2021; 9(9): 24-35.

Kumar A, Parihar S, Sethi V. Sizing of biomass based distributed hybrid power generation systems in India. Renewable Energy. 2019; 134: 1400–1422.

Sanni SO, Ibrahim M, Mahmud I, Oyewole TO, Olusuyi KO. Potentials of Off-grid Solar PV/Biogas Power Generator System: case study of Ado-Ekiti Slaughterhouse, International of Renewable Energy Research Energy Research. 2019; 9(3): 309-1319.


How to Cite
Osalade, A., Abe, A., Adebanji, B., Fasina, T., Adeleye, S. A. ., & Omotoso, T. (2022). Feasibility Study and Techno-Economic Analysis of Solar PV-Biomass Hybrid Power System: A Case Study of Kajola Village, Nigeria. European Journal of Energy Research, 2(4), 32–38. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejenergy.2022.2.4.71