Energy and Exergy Analysis of an Organic Rankine Cycle used for Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil Distillery Waste Heat Recovery for Power Production in Anjouan Island

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Malik El’Houyoun Ahamadi

  •   Hery T. Rakotondramiarana

Abstract

In the ylang-ylang essential oil distillers in Anjouan Island, the used energy is 100% firewood biomass. A large amount of this energy is dissipated in the environment just in the combustion chamber itself. As it turns out, the flue gases in this process take away the most part of it. Thus, in a process of energy efficiency of stills, the present work aims at assessing the possibility to convert the residual heat from the process into electricity. For that purpose, energy and exergy modeling of an organic Rankine cycle was implemented. It was found that a large amount of exergy is destroyed in the evaporator. Similarly, it emerges that the exergy efficiency of the cycle depends on the inlet temperatures of the exhaust gases in the evaporator and on the inlet pressure of the working fluid in the turbine, and that it is much better for low exhaust gas temperatures. At these low values of gas temperatures, it appears that the improvement in exergy efficiency and energy efficiency are linked to the increase in the inlet pressure of the working fluid in the turbine. It follows from the obtained results that the discharged hot water and the residual heat of gases having temperatures ranging from 180°C to 300 °C, could be used for power production which can reach electrical powers between 1.4kW and 4.5kW


 


Keywords: rsidual heat recovery, modeling, ylang-ylang essential oil distiller, biomass energy conversion

References

Ahamadi, M., Saindou, A. and Rakotondramiarana, H. 2019. Exergetic and Energetic Analysis of a Traditional Semi-Industrial Comorian Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil Wood Fire Distiller. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 4, 5 (May 2019), 67-75. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2019.4.5.1256.

Ben Zamyn H. A., Contribution à l’étude de réduction de l’utilisation du bois de chauffe dans l’exploitation de l’huile essentielle d’ylang-ylang de l’ile d’Anjouan: cas de la région de Nioumakele, mémoire de fin d’étude pour l’obtention du diplôme de Licence, Université d’Antananarivo, 2010.

R. Saidur, J.U. Ahamed, H.H. Masjuki, Energy, exergy and economic analysis of industrial boilers. Energy Policy 38 (2010) 2188–2197

C. MAATOUK, R. SLIM, Exergy and energy analysis of waste heat recovery options for cooling capacity production. 15th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 14-17, 2014

L. A. Mondragón, G. V. Ochoa, C. A. Peñaloza, Eergetic and Exergetic Evaluation of a Rankine Cycle with Regeneration: Effect of Turbine Inlet Temperature and Source Temperature. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research ISSN 0973-4562 Volume 13, Number 12 (2018) pp. 10376-10380

N. Milkov, P. Punov, Q. Danel, C. Périlhon, P. Podevin. Etude paramétrique d’un cycle de Rankine pour la récupération d’énergie des gaz d’échappement d’un moteur d'automobile.

M.Sc. Milkov N., Evtimov T., Plamen P. Advanced technologies for waste heat recovery in internal combustion engines. Scientific proceedings xxiii international scientific-technical conference "trans & motauto ’15" issn 1310-3946, YEAR XXIII, VOLUME 1, P.P. 72-78 (2015)

S. Safeer M. Shamsi, A. A. Negash, G. B. Cho and Y. Min Kim. Waste Heat and Water Recovery System Optimization for Flue Gas in Thermal Power Plants. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1881; doi: 10.3390/su11071881

L.Y. Bronicki, Organic Rankine Cycle Power Plant for Waste Heat Recovery. Ormat Int. Inc. 2000, 6, 302.

S. BOUHAMADY, A. Moctar, A. THIAM, E. bah MENNY, D. AZILINON. Comparaison de performances énergétique et exégétique d’un cycle organique de Rankine avec et sans récupérateur pour une microcentrale solaire csp de 3kw. CIFQ2017 / ART- 05-14

S Ependi, T B Nur. Design and process integration of organic Rankine cycle utilizing biomass for power generation. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 309 (2018) 012055 doi:10.1088/1757-899X/309/1/012055

P. Collings and Z. Yu. Numerical Analysis of an Organic Rankine Cycle with Adjustable Working Fluid Composition, a Volumetric Expander and a Recuperator. Energies 2017, 10, 440; doi: 10.3390/en10040440

X. Hana, S. Karellas, M. Liua, K. Braimakis, W. Chena, J. Yana, E. Kakaras. Integration of Organic Rankine Cycle with Lignite Flue Gas Pre-Drying for Waste Heat and Water Recovery from Dryer Exhaust Gas: Thermodynamic and Economic Analysis. Energy Procedia 105 (2017) 1614 – 1621

S. Yousefizadeh Dibazar, G. Salehi and Afshin Davarpanah. Comparison of Exergy and Advanced Exergy Analysis in Three Different Organic Rankine Cycles. Processes 2020, 8, 586; doi: 10.3390/pr8050586

S. Bara. Experimental and Techno-Economic Analysis of Solar-Geothermal Organic Rankine Cycle Technology for Power Generation in Nepal. International Journal of Photoenergy,Volume2019,ArticleID5814265,15pages.https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/5814265

A Satheeshkumar, C W Lim, The Performance of waste Heat Recovery Systems using Steam Rankine Cycle and Organic Rankine Cycle For Power Generation, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT) ISSN: 2249 – 8958, Volume-9, Issue-2, December 2019.

S. Lecompte, O. A. Oyewunmi , C.N. Markides, M. Lazova ,A. Kaya, M. van den Broek and M. De Paepe. Case Study of an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) for Waste Heat Recovery from an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Energies 2017, 10, 649; doi: 10.3390/en10050649

EVELOY, P. RODGERS, A. OLUFADE, Y. WANG, AND A. AL ALILI. WASTE HEAT RECOVERY FROM GAS TURBINE FLUE GASES FOR POWER GENERATION ENHANCEMENT IN A PROCESS PLANT. INT. J. OF THERMAL & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING VOLUME 12, NO. 1 (2016) 53-60.

S. Karellas, A.-D. Leontaritis, G. Panousis, E. Bellos, E. Kakaras. Energetic and exergetic analysis of waste heat recovery systems in the cement industry. Energy 58 (2013) 147e156

F. a. F. Tchanche, «Fluid selection for a low-temperature solar organic Rankine cycle, » Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 29, pp. 2468-2475, 2009

Wang, «Study of working fluid selection of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) for engine waste heat recovery» Energy, vol. 36(5) , pp. 3406-3418, 2011.

S.SCHULLER, Optimisation technico-économique d’un cycle organique de Rankine Application à la géothermie et prise en compte de la variabilité de la source froide, thèse de doctorat, Université de Nantes, 2016, 292p.

H. Chen, D. Y. Goswami, and E. E. K. Stefanakos: A review of thermodynamic cycles and Working fluids for the conversion of low-grade heat. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(9):3059–3067, dec 2010. ISSN 13640321.

B. F. Tchanche, G. Papadakis, G. Lambrinos, and A. Frangoudakis: Fluid selection for a low-temperature solar organic Rankine cycle. Applied Thermal Engineering, 29(11-12):2468–2476, aug 2009. ISSN 13594311.

Z. Gu et H. Sato: Optimization of cyclic parameters of a supercritical cycle for geothermal power generation. Energy Conversion and Management, 42(12):1409–1416, aug 2001. ISSN 01968904.

D. Walraven, B. Laenen, W. D’Haeseleer: Optimum configuration of shell-and-tube heat exchangers for the use in low-temperature organic Rankine cycles. Energy Conversion and Management, 83:177–187, 2014. ISSN 01968904.

Schuster, S. Karellas, and R. Aumann: Efficiency optimization potential in supercritical Organic Rankine Cycles. Energy, 35(2):1033–1039, feb 2010. ISSN 03605442.

P. J. Mago, L. M. Chamra, K. Srinivasan, and C. Somayaji: An examination of regenerative organic Rankine cycles using dry fluids. Applied Thermal Engineering, 28(accepted 25 June 2007):998–1007, 2008.

Francis, M. Aide-Mémoire Thermodynamique de l’ingénieur, energetique-environnement. Dunod, Paris, 2004.

M. N. Khan, M.M.Hasan, M. Atif. Energy and Exergy Analysis of Supercritical Rankine Cycle. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 5, Issue 12, (December-2014), 408-414

R. S. Mishra, Y. Khan. Exergy and energy analysis of modified organic rankine cycle for reduction of global warming and ozone depletion. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Innovation Vol-1, Issue-3 (2017), 1-12

O. İPEK, M. GÖLTAŞ. Exergy and cost analysis of an ORC system with different Organic fluids using a low -temperature waste heat source, 29 ekim bilimsel araştirmalar sempozyumu

M. J. Moran, H. N. Shapiro, D..B Oettner, M. B. Bailey, Fundamentals of engineering thermodynamics, 7th edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1023p.

R. Wang, L. Jiang, Z. Ma, A. Gonzalez-Diaz, Yaodong Wang and Anthony Paul Roskilly. Comparative Analysis of Small-Scale Organic Rankine Cycle Systems for Solar Energy Utilisation. Energies 2019, 12, 829; doi: 10.3390/en12050829

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Ahamadi, M., & Rakotondramiarana, H. (2021). Energy and Exergy Analysis of an Organic Rankine Cycle used for Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil Distillery Waste Heat Recovery for Power Production in Anjouan Island. European Journal of Energy Research, 1(1), 15-24. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejenergy.2021.1.1.3